Unit 3 Attributions and References

Media Attributions


USGS Earthquake Hazards Program. (2021, December 20). M 6.2 – 7km N of Petrolia, CA [digital image]. US Geological Survey. https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/nc73666231/dyfi/intensity (last updated 2022-02-09)

Video: Lion’s Gate Bridge (L.G.B.) as a Model for Elastic Deformation, Stress Transfer and Aftershocks

GoToVan. (2014, July 14). Lions Gate Bridge from Stanley Park [digital image]. Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/gotovan/14463752040/

Diagrams by S. Earle.

Video: Pachena Bay Tsunami

Maps from: Nikater [user name]. (2021, October 17). File:Vancouver de.png. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Vancouver_de.png&oldid=599233257

Arima, E.Y., St. Claire, D.E, Clamhouse, L., Edgar, E.Y., & Jones. C. (1991). Between Ports Alberni and Renfrew: Notes on West Coast Peoples. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Canadian Ethnology Service. ​

Cherniawsky, J.Y., Titov, V.V., Wang, K., and Li, J.Y. (2007). Numerical simulations of tsunami waves and currents for southern Vancouver Island from a Cascadia megathrust earthquake [figures]. Pure and Applied Geophysics,(2-3), 465-492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-006-0169-0

Satake, K., et al. (1996). Figure 2; Time and size of a great earthquake in Cascadia inferred from Japanese tsunami records of January 1700 [map]. Nature 379, 246–9. [adapted by S. Earle].

Video: The Tseax Eruption

Photographs and Figures by S. Earle, CC BY 4.0

Excerpts from accounts from Nisga’a People in the early 20th century, as recorded in: Barbeau, M. (1935). Volcanoes on the Nass. Canadian Geographical Journal, 10(5), 215-225.

Williams-Jones, G., et al., (2020). The age of the Tseax volcanic eruption, British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(10), 1238-1253. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2019-0240 (adapted by S. Earle).


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